Seven questions about the blockade

1.    What’s the meaning of embargo?

It is a wartime order or proclaim, issued by a State. Legal actions of retaining goods to ensure the compliance of legally contracted obligations. It can be a preventative measure involving ownership which is authorized by a judge or court, with the same purpose of complying with the debtor his or her obligations with the creditor. 

2.    What does the term blockade mean?

Since 1909, in the London Naval Conference, it was defined as a principle of international rights that the blockade is an act of war. The blockade policy is regarded as an international crime of genocide, in line with the definition in the Convention for the Prevention and Sanction of Genocide Crime, approved by the United Nations General Assembly on December 9, 1948.

3.    When was the blockade established against Cuba?

On February 7, 1962, United States President, J. F. Kennedy, through Section 620A of the Foreign Aid Act of September 1961, authorized the total blockade against Cuba. The background of that law dates back to 1959 when the United States started to apply blockade policies against Cuba, geared to undermine vital points for the defense and the Cuban economy.

4.    What  does characterize the US blockade against Cuba?

A group of coercive measures and economic aggression which entail genocide conduct, resulting in the isolation, asphyxiation and immobility of Cuba.

5.    Why blockade instead of Embargo?

The actions implemented against Cuba by the United States Government do not fit in the definition of embargo. Cuba is not indebted to the United States and didn’t commit crime whatsoever which might deserve the seizure and settlement of goods in the United States’ favor. Cuba is not and has never been a threat for the United States, therefore the allegations these actions are applied in self-defense are contrary to the international law. The United States use the term “embargo” to avoid recognition that wartime measures are applied against Cuba, of undeclared war against the Cuban people. On the other hand, the isolation, asphyxiation and immobility Cuba is submitted categorize a blockade, which means cutting, closing, cut off communication abroad to achieve the country’s surrender by dint of hunger or the use of force.

6.    What is the objective of the blockade?

Submitting intentionally the people to living conditions which can cause partial or total physical damage to weaken their decision to fight and win and push them to give up their decision to be sovereign and independent.

7.    Why is the blockade against Cuba illegal?

The blockade hinders Cuba’s development of economic, commercial and financial relations with third countries, with the aim of exhausting the country by force or hunger.

The US legislative framework which supports legally the blockade against Cuba insists on calling this unilateral sanction “embargo” by applying wartime measures against Cuba in times of peace.

There hasn’t been any international norm of regulation which countersigns the blockade in times of peace.

Cuba is not and has never been a threat for the United States National Security, and there are no reasons backing the extension of a national emergency situation.

The blockade violates the human rights of the Cuban people.

The blockade contravenes the principles and fundamental rights of International Law: Principle of sovereign equality, Principle of non intervention, Principle of Independence and Right to nationalization. (Taken from Embacuba Venezuela)

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